Middle aged turn point in parameters of oxidative stress and glucose catabolism in mouse cerebellum during lifespan: minor effects of every-other-day fasting


The cerebellum is considered to develop aging markers more slowly than other parts of the brain. Intensification of free radical processes and compromised bioenergetics, critical hallmarks of normal brain aging, may be slowed down by caloric restriction. This study aimed to evaluate the intensity of oxidative stress and the enzymatic potential to utilize glucose via glycolysis or the pentose phosphate pathway (PPP) in the cerebellum of mice under ad libitum versus every-other-day fasting (EODF) feeding regimens. Levels of lipid peroxides, activities of antioxidant and key glycolytic and PPP enzymes were measured in young (6-month), middle-aged (12-month) and old (18-month) C57BL/6J mice. The cerebellum showed the most dramatic increase in lipid peroxide levels, antioxidant capacity and PPP key enzyme activities and the sharpest decline in the activities of key glycolytic enzymes under transition from young to middle age but these changes slowed when transiting from middle to old age. A decrease in the activity of the key glycolytic enzyme phosphofructokinase was accompanied by a concomitant increase in the activities of hexokinase and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PDH), which may suggest that during normal cerebellar aging glucose metabolism shifts from glycolysis to the pentose phosphate pathway. The data indicate that intensification of free radical processes in the cerebellum occurred by middle age and that activation of the PPP together with increased antioxidant capacity can help to resist these changes into old age. However, the EODF regime did not significantly modulate or alleviate any of the metabolic processes studied in this analysis of the aging cerebellum.

Year of Publication
Date Published
30 March 2021
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